Allergic Asthma: About Causes, Symptoms, Tests & Treatment 

Today’s hectic life is raising too many challenges for people in the whole world, and severe diseases are one of the biggest challenges that people are currently facing. Allergic asthma is one of the severe diseases which not just normally affect a person’s life; rather, it totally disturbs the life of the patients. 

 Allergic asthma is a special part of respiratory problems, affecting many people’s lives. Defined by the intersection of allergic reactions and asthma symptoms, unraveling the complexities of this condition demands a nuanced understanding. Join us on this blog journey as we explore the causes, symptoms, diagnostic tests, and allergic asthma treatment options that shape the landscape of this condition. 

Allergic Asthma Treatment

Understanding Allergic Asthma

Allergic asthma is a respiratory condition which occurs due to inhaling the dust mites, pollen, and pet danders and others. When these particles are around the person, the body feels the airways become inflamed in response to allergens. Managing allergic asthma involves identifying triggers and utilizing medications to control inflammation, promoting a healthier, symptom-free life. 

Causes of Allergic Asthma:

Occupational Exposures: Working in specific environments might subject individuals to allergens or irritants, potentially leading to the onset or worsening of allergic asthma; examples of such triggers encompass chemicals, dust, or fumes. 

Environmental Allergens: Chemicals in the surroundings can cause severe asthma. Airborne particles like pollen, mold spores, dust mites, and pet hair are some examples.  

Genetic Predisposition: Genetic tendency is a big reason why some people get allergic asthma. If a family member has asthma or an allergic condition, you may get allergic asthma too. Some genetic variables affect allergen-induced immune system responses. Allergic persons may have higher asthma symptoms. 

Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: The act of smoking cigarettes and exposure to secondhand smoke are acknowledged as established risk factors for allergic asthma. Cigarette smoke has the capacity to irritate the airways and escalate inflammation, consequently heightening the likelihood of asthma episodes. 

Respiratory Infections: Allergic asthma may arise from respiratory infections, particularly in early childhood. RSV and rhinovirus may raise asthma risk in sensitive people. Infections may inflame and damage the airways, making them more allergic and causing asthma. 

Symptoms of Allergic Asthma:

Recognizing the common signs is crucial for early detection and effective allergic asthma treatment. Symptoms may include: 

  • Persistent coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath indicate allergic asthma. 
  • Chest tightness and difficulty breathing often follow exposure to allergens. 
  • Dust mites, mold, pollen, or pets’ dander may exacerbate symptoms. 
  • Sneezing, nasal congestion, and itchy/watery eyes may accompany asthma. 
  • Coughing at night and disrupted sleep suggest allergic asthma. 
  • Rapid breathing, extreme difficulty breathing, bluish tint demand immediate medical attention. 

Diagnostic Tests for Allergic Asthma:

Accurate diagnosis is the cornerstone of effective management. Healthcare professionals employ various tests to confirm allergic asthma and identify specific triggers. These tests include: 

Spirometry: This test checks how much air you can strongly breathe out after taking a deep breath. This helps figure out how much airflow is being blocked. 

Allergy Testing: Through either skin prick tests or blood tests, it’s possible to identify specific allergens that can trigger asthma symptoms. Understanding these triggers enables the implementation of targeted avoidance strategies. 

Bronchoprovocation Tests: These tests involve inhaling substances that may induce bronchoconstriction, helping to assess airway responsiveness. 

Tests for Allergic Asthma

Allergic Asthma Treatment Options:

Effectively managing allergic asthma necessitates a comprehensive strategy that tackles both the underlying inflammation and the specific triggers. Allergic asthma treatment options encompass: 

Controller Medications: 

  • Inhaled Corticosteroids: These medicines help decrease inflammation in the airways. 
  • Long-Acting Beta-Agonists (LABAs): Bronchodilators that help relax the muscles around the airways, facilitating easier breathing. 

Reliever Medications:

  • Short-Acting Beta-Agonists (SABAs): Provide rapid relief of acute symptoms by opening up the airways.Now being not advised to be used on its own without ICS treatment 
  • Leukotriene Modifiers: These medications block the action of leukotrienes, inflammatory chemicals that play a role in allergic reactions. 


New group of Humanized Monoclonal antibodies against cytokines and their receptors, given subcutaneously in the upper arm, thigh or paraumbilical region an example of precise medication present for moderate to severe Asthma patients, steroid dependant asthmatics and patients with 2 exacerbations in the last year or so latest addition to the group is Tezepelumab(Tezpire), previous being Mepolizumab (Nucala), Benralazimab (Faserna), Dupilumab(Dupixent) all given through the subcutaneous route  


Allergy shots or tablets under the tongue can help the immune system get used to specific triggers, lessening the intensity of allergic reactions with time. 

Avoidance Strategies:

Identifying and minimizing exposure to allergens is crucial. This may involve using air purifiers, implementing dust mite-proof bedding, and maintaining a clean living environment. 


The intricate web of genetics, environment, and immune response in allergic asthma requires a comprehensive diagnostic and management approach. By delving into the root causes, identifying symptoms, undergoing relevant tests, and adopting personalized treatment strategies, those with allergic asthma can regain command of their respiratory well-being. As ongoing research unveils the nuances of this intricate condition, continuous education and awareness will empower both patients and healthcare providers in the pursuit of effective asthma management.  

Feel free to reach out to our asthma specialist in UAE for expert guidance on managing your asthma effectively. 

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